United Airport Exploring the effects of noise and light pollution on local communitiesPhysical Science 2015
SantaMonicaAirport.jpg
SantaMonicaAirport.jpg

Introduction
Multi-Airline Airport Coming Soon to Warren County, Citizens Concerned
by Rita Papper

Several voices have been heard about the recent announcement that 20 acres of land, just east of Monmouth, have be chosen as the next site for an airport sponsored by over 20 nationally and internationally known airlines.

First proposed by Jim Parker, President and CEO of Southwest Airlines, the idea to start construction on an international airport on the east side of Monmouth, IL has been met with both praise and criticism. Citizens of Monmouth are excited about the possibility of the great numbers of new jobs that would be created by the location of this airport. Executive director of Economic, Business & Community Development, Missy Towery says "this will be a great opportunity to build jobs for the citizens around the Canton area. A facility like this will build our community's economy and give a boost to local business and tourism."

Not all community members are excited about this prospect. Several local citizens have raised concerns about the negative effects of an airport on the local wildlife and residential areas, especially around Canton Lake. During last week's town hall meeting, John Kunski, Director of Planning and Zoning, stated, "The area we have chosen to construct the United Airport was necessary. We have hired several teams of experts and engineers to review and evaluate the negative effects the airport might have on our community and come up with the best solutions to reduce these effects, especially the amount of noise and light pollution produced by such a facility."
(not a real article by the way)
Task
Your team of experts has been hired by the city of Monmouth to review and evaluate the construction of the United Airport. It is up to your team to research the properties of sound and light waves, noise pollution, and light pollution in order to reduce the negative effects that building an airport might have on your local community.

Using information you gather and previous knowledge of sound and light waves, your team will decided on various ways to reduce the amount of sound and light pollution. You will present your findings and solutions to the Monmouth Area City of Commerce and Public Works Staff and also produce a piece of literature to distribute to the Monmouth Community.
engineers with plans.jpg
engineers with plans.jpg










Process
1. You will be split up into teams of 3. Each group member needs to be assigned one of the following roles:
global_professional-career-yp-chart-iStk.jpg
global_professional-career-yp-chart-iStk.jpg


  • Acoustics and Optics Physicist- researching, discovering, and evaluating information about how sound and light waves act.
  • Light Pollution Specialist- researching, discovering, and evaluating information about what light pollution is and how it can be reduced.
  • Sound Pollution Specialist- researching, discovering, and evaluating information about what sound pollution is and how it can be reduced.

2. Once you have picked your role, you are to research that area by yourself. Members of the team can look at the links below for ideas about their research. Each member will need to answer the 10 questions below and share what they have found with their group members. A copy of your questions and answers will also need to be handed in to your instructor.

3. After you have conducted your individual research, you can share your findings with your team and start put together your presentation and pamphlet.


Feynman.gif.jpg
Feynman.gif.jpg

Acoustics and Optics Physicist
  • 1. How does sound travel through different materials?
  • 2. How is the intensity or loudness of sound measured? How does a jet plane measure on this scale?
  • 3. What is the Doppler Effect?
  • 4. How do airports and air traffic controllers use the Doppler Effect?
  • 5. What materials absorb sound waves?
  • 6. What do the terms opaque, translucent, and transparent mean with respects to light waves?
  • 7. What is the difference between regular and diffuse reflection of light?
  • 8. What is an example of the scattering of light?
  • 9. What happens to white light when it passes through a prism?
  • 10. Which one of these types of lights would be the best type for the airport to use: High-pressure sodium, mercury vapor, LED, or incandescent?

Useful Links:
http://www.ndt-ed.org/EducationResources/HighSchool/Sound/speedinmaterials.htm
http://www.mediacollege.com/audio/01/sound-waves.html
http://www.physics.uiowa.edu/~umallik/adventure/sound04.html
http://www.tlc-direct.co.uk/Technical/Sounds/Decibles.htm
http://www.dangerousdecibels.org/education/information-center/decibel-exposure-time-guidelines/
http://www.physicsclassroom.com/Class/waves/u10l3d.cfm
http://www.ieeeghn.org/wiki/index.php/Air_Traffic_Control_and_Radar
http://www.ehow.com/info_8050937_materials-absorb-sound.html
http://www.whyzz.com/whats-the-difference-between-opaque-and-translucent
http://www.physicsclassroom.com/Class/refln/u13l1d.cfm
http://omlc.ogi.edu/education/scat_demo/
http://mintaka.sdsu.edu/GF/explain/optics/scatter.html
http://kids.britannica.com/elementary/art-87682/When-light-passes-through-a-prism-the-light-bends
http://www.eere.energy.gov/basics/buildings/high_intensity_discharge.htmlhttp://www.lowes.com/cd_Light+Bulb+Buying+Guide_167459951_
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Light_pollution#Improving_lighting_fixtures



Light pollution specialist
Anne Marie March.jpg
Anne Marie March.jpg

  • 1. What is light pollution?
  • 2. What effects does light pollution have on humans?
  • 3. Describe the effects light pollution has on 3 different types of wildlife.
Pick one solution to minimize the light pollution produced by the airport.
  • 4. Describe this solution.
  • 5. What are the benefits of this solution.
  • 6. What might be some negative effects to this solution?
Pick another solution to minimize the light pollution produced by the airport.
  • 7. Describe this solution
  • 8. What are the benefits of this solution?
  • 9. What might be some negative effects to this solution?
  • 10. Pick one of the two above solutions and describe why your group ultimately chose that solution.

Useful Links:
http://greenliving.nationalgeographic.com/light-pollution-2221.html
http://www.starrynightlights.com/lpIndex.html
http://www.lrc.rpi.edu/programs/nlpip/lightinganswers/lightpollution/lightpollution.asp
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2627884/
http://www.astronomerswithoutborders.org/gam2012/gam-darksky-blog/1137-medical-effects-of-light-pollution.html
http://www.physics.fau.edu/observatory/lightpol-environ.html
http://www.sustainablefairfax.org/content/view/321/27/
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/magazine-16470744
http://cosmicmatters.keckobservatory.org/2006/dec/06dec_2.htm
http://aslc-nm.org/Pollution2.html
http://sananselmofairfax.patch.com/blog_posts/light-pollution-causes-effects-and-solutions
http://www.physics.fau.edu/observatory/lightpol-prevent.html



Sound Pollution Specialist
mobley.jpg
mobley.jpg

  • 1. What is sound pollution?
  • 2. What effects does sound pollution have on humans?
  • 3. Describe the effects sound pollution has on 3 different types of wildlife.
Pick one solution to minimize the sound pollution produced by the airport.
  • 4. Describe this solution
  • 5. What are the benefits of this solution?
  • 6. What might be some negative effects to this solution?
Pick another solution to minimize the sound pollution produced by the airport.
  • 7. Describe this solution
  • 8. What are the benefits of this solution?
  • 9. What might be some negative effects to this solution?
  • 10. Pick one of the two above solutions and describe why your group ultimately chose that solution.

Useful Links:
http://library.thinkquest.org/TQ0311782/sound_pollution.htm
http://eschooltoday.com/pollution/noise-pollution/what-is-noise-pollution.html
http://www.smokefreecolorado.com/noise-pollution-causes-and-effects/
http://www.env-health.org/news/latest-news/article/transport-noise-the-health-impacts
http://eschooltoday.com/pollution/noise-pollution/effects-of-noise-pollution.html
http://www.naturesounds.org/conservENW.html
http://www.nonoise.org/library/fctsheet/wildlife.htm
http://news.bbc.co.uk/earth/hi/earth_news/newsid_8305000/8305320.stm
http://library.thinkquest.org/07aug/01735/files/solutions_noisepollution.html
http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_is_the_solution_of_noise_pollution
http://www.tiptheplanet.com/wiki/Noise_Pollution
http://b4tea.com/information/noise-pollution-causes-effects-solutions-for-control/

Evaluation
Your team will be evaluated on two different things:
tech_preso.jpg
tech_preso.jpg

1. Your Prezi Presentation
https://docs.google.com/document/d/13HQa7nQXP0w8w8qhQw-YtPMfmgWebg89OHTc9A-cvKU/edit?usp=sharing

2. Your Informational Pamphlet



Help with citing sources:
Easy Bib

Prezi Tutorial:
Prezi for Beginners

Microsoft Publisher Help
Publisher FAQs

Conclusion
Congratulationsu.gif
Congratulationsu.gif
Congratulations!

Your team has completed the United Airport WebQuest and has successfully used your knowledge to help solve a problem that is faced every day. As you now know, many things factor into making such important decisions about how to reduce light and sound pollution. You were able to successfully blend the knowledge you had about how sound and light waves act to make an educated decision that best reflects your knowledge of this subject. As you have been learning, science is not composed of individual topics that work independently of each other, but rather of intricate parts that work together in order for life to function as we know it! Yet again, congrats on a job well done!